The Amur tiger needs large prey to survive, and its main prey species are ungulates - wild boar, sika deer and red deer. In the summer tigers may prey on smaller animals such as badgers, and raccoon dogs. Bears comprise about 3% of the tiger's diet in the Russian Far East. There are rare cases on record of adult brown bears being killed and eaten by Amur tigers. Brown bear cubs are killed more often (indicating that male tigers can drive away the defending mother bear) and the smaller Himalayan black bear also appears on the Amur tiger's menu.
In association with Sikhote-Alin Zapovednik (Reserve) staff, WCS has been studying the ecology of Amur tigers with telemetry techniques in and around the Sikhote Alin reserve since 1992 under the joint Russian-American Siberian Tiger Project, which has provided extensive ecological information needed for conservation planning. WCS also has led the annual Amur tiger population monitoring programme for the last 10 years, designed to serve as an early warning system for declines in the population. Because the vast majority of Amur tiger habitat (>85%) is held as multiple-use lands, many of which are leased by local hunting associations, WCS works with hunting leases to improve capacity to manage ungulates (tigers' main prey) and protect tigers, as well as to provide economic incentives for tiger conservation. WCS invests significant efforts in supporting Russian graduate students and young scientists specializing in wildlife and conservation biology, and also supports tiger conservation and recovery work in Northeast China, including anti-poaching, education, protected area management and monitoring efforts.
Phoenix implements a large number of projects for the conservation of Amur tigers, its prey and habitat, including tiger festivals, establishment of eco-centres in schools, media projects, anti-poaching teams and teams combating illegal logging. Phoenix and WCS also work jointly to support the ability of the federal government agency "Inspection Tiger" to resolve tiger-human conflict situations.
Additional information about the Amur tiger can be found on the websites of ALTA members, including Tigris Foundation , 21st Century Tiger , WCS and Phoenix Fund.
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